What is a Technology Stack? How important is it to a project? Should a technically inexperienced builder understand the technology used?
The technology stack is to an IT project what building materials are to a house. It is a list of programming languages, tools, and frameworks that software developers use to create web and mobile applications.
The term “technology stack" is used because when developing an.application, multiple layers are built on top of each other. These layers involve the use of different programming codes, components and hardware modules, thus forming a stack of different technologies.
This article looks at the different tech stack types, what they are used for, and what determines the best choice.
Build the Tech Stack
The structure of the technology stack consists of two basic parts, the client side and the server side, also known as the front end and the back end.
Front-end Technology Stack
The front end is the user side, which is the interface that allows the user to interact with the program. Its main purpose is to provide access, convenience, a pleasant user experience, calls to action and events.
For the Web
HTML is used to create and place content. All positioning and sorting of page content is done through this language.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) are used to objectify and display content material. It is mainly about the application of fonts, colors, layout features, background content, etc.
Native development, in turn, is based on using native or cross-platform programming languages such as Java and Kotlin for Android. Objective-C and Swift for iOS, React Nativ and Flutter. Today, using a native mobile app development method is preferable because it allows more control and easier hardware access.
Back-end Tech Stack
The back-end is like the engine block that powers the application. It ensures that all functions in response to user requests, such as accessing the database and performing CRUD operations – create, read, update and delete, work properly.
Back-end components include programming languages, servers, server-side frameworks, operating systems, databases, and APIs. There is also the involvement of business logic, hosting, deployment, etc.
Most websites today are still based on PHP, making it one of the most popular technologies. In any case, there are many other languages and frameworks to choose from.
Middleware is software that integrates two or more systems, applications, or components to facilitate communication. It acts as a hidden translation layer connecting the back-end and front-end parts of the application.
This is a study, usually written in Java or C#, that allows data to be analyzed, communicated, and managed between your application and a server or database. In addition to sending requests and responses back and forth to clients and servers, the role it plays is critical to the process of distributing real-time operations.
Middleware consists of application servers, web servers, content management systems, and other related tools that support application development and deployment.
Factors in choosing a technology stack
Technology stack is important because you use it to build a software program. Therefore, do not underestimate the nature of research and analysis to choose the right tool.
The wrong choice of technology can cost you money, time, and other valuable resources on your project. When choosing a technology stack, reliable business analysts and experienced developers are needed to avoid pitfalls.
Below is a list of essentials to consider when choosing a technology stack that is fit for purpose.
Define the platform
What are the expectations for the project? This is an important note. Choosing a stack is a futile step without understanding what you expect from your project.
At this point, you should ask yourself who my target audience is. How they'll use your app, once and wherever. What are the popular active devices among them? Is it a mobile or a computer?
For example, web applications require a completely different set of tools and frameworks than mobile applications. Even in mobile applications, the technology stacks required for Android and iOS development are different.
Define the project type
After the bridge is defined, there is more analysis to do when choosing a technology stack. You will consider projects based on their size and complexity, and processing power, for example, if your application involves multiprocessing or requires low latency for better responsiveness, you must consider the relevant technology stacks that provide such support.
They can often be delivered quickly due to the simplicity of the requirements, and for web projects, they can often be implemented using less demanding technologies such as CMS or WordPress.
For medium-sized projects, technical involvement is higher. They may need to use a combination of programming languages and tools, depending on requirements and platforms. Such projects require technologies that provide more complex and diverse functionality and integration.
If you plan to create a social network, online marketplace, CRM or order management system, then you are working on a complex project. A combination of several programming languages is inevitable. It's like a medium-sized project, but with more complex features. You need multiple functions, integrations and more complex functions, so your technology stack needs to be at a high level.
The role of the technology stack in application scalability is to accommodate growth in users and functionality. Your developers should make choices on the technology stack to make room for new engaging features, user growth, and seasonal growth in user numbers.
Your provisions for scalability must include scaling out, where multiple application servers run concurrently to handle user traffic, and scaling up to accommodate more programs to handle new types of data. Horizontal and vertical scaling protects your application from crashing during a storm.
Technology and team expertise
Unless you plan to outsource, you must weigh your team's expertise as the basis for your choice of the technology stack. Developers are generally better at certain programming languages and tools than others, so it all depends on the proficiency of your team.
You must ensure that your team can successfully use a technology stack, otherwise, there is no need to use such a stack. To avoid hiring experts to cover up the skills your team lacks, you can train them. That is if you have time; but if you are pressed for time, just outsource the project.
Therefore, it is critical to match the skills and experience of the team and ensure that it is suitable for technology selection. In this case, a platform like DesignRush can be very convenient to choose the right agency. Also, try to make sure the technology you choose has a large developer community and the availability of reference documentation like GitHub and Stackoverflow. This will help your team not get stuck on one tool or technology.
You have to keep in mind that your team needs to be able to maintain the application after release. This is the next track after you develop your application, and it also has to do with your chosen tech stack.
If you want maintainability, your choice of technology stack should be driven by software architecture and existing codebase. Try to choose an effective language with short, reusable, and easy-to-maintain code. Your codebase ought to be easy and of average length. It helps developers spend a short amount of time trying to review, debug, and work on code.
Your choice of technology stack should be based on your software architecture. Based on this, you should consider techniques that allow static and dynamic component configuration. This makes the application's performance seamless even as users increase or you add more engaging features.
The cost implications of Tech Stack
Money makes the world go round, they say. Also, nothing is free. Instead, there are several popular free and open-source IT frameworks and tools.
However, they charge a subscription fee if you need special or premium features. You may have to pay licensing fees, and there are maintenance fees. The choice of technology stack will be supported by these factors.
Also, some tech stacks charge high salaries for their developers, so you need to take that into consideration as well. If you can, you may also want to look at the cost of training developers for a specific technology. There is a tug-of-war between the total cost of using the technology stack and the effectiveness of its features.
Some Popular Tech Stacks
.NET Framework is a core technology in Microsoft's technology stack. Common language infrastructure for C#, F#, VB.NET, Fantom, and more provides over 60 frameworks, platforms, SDKs, IDEs, SOAs, libraries, and more.
If you want a dynamic and interactive web application, you should keep .NET development in mind. It is a widely used and trusted framework for such purposes.
You can also use .NET and other open-source technologies to create various types of server-side web applications or enterprise-level transaction processing systems. As a subset of the overflow stack series, it is well-suited as an all-encompassing tech stack for web front-end and database development.
The runtime of .NET applications is very fast and easy to develop, enabling developers to meet deadlines. Interoperability with different platforms creates room for creating a lot of functionality.
.NET applications are easy to port, allowing developers to choose whatever framework or technology they want to use. It also allows developers to use other languages.
The LAMP stack is a popular open-source software collection. It mainly consists of PHP programming language, Linux operating system, Apache HTTP server and MySQL relational database management system.
LAMP is trustworthy and has been around for a long time. It can also be used with Perl and Python as an alternative to PHP. Developers use it because it is great for dynamic websites and applications. Its combination with other open-source programs makes it interoperable, usable, and customizable.
Other variants of LAMP include:
* LAPP (Linux/Apache/PostgreSQL/PHP): It has a PostgreSQL database variant configured for use with enterprise-level projects
* XAMPP (Linux, Mac OS X, Windows/Apache/MySQL/PHP, Perl): More complete stack that runs on Linux, Windows, and Mac operating systems. It also has a cross-platform FTP server.
* WAMP (Windows/Apache/MySQL/PHP): It is an alternative to Microsoft Windows operating system. It's comprehensive and easy to use.
* MAMP (Mac OS X/Apache/MySQL/PHP): It is an alternative to the Mac OS X operating system and is available for both Windows and Mac.
Therefore, it is perfect for developing scalable applications.
The MEAN stack includes:
- MongoDB – NoSQL database;
2.Express.js – a web application framework that runs on Node.js and Angular.JS;
- Node.js – The execution domain for event-driven server-side and networking. Application.
Company and Technology Stack
Most large companies can say that part of their success depends on their choice of the technology stack. Some of them have made more advanced efforts by changing or adding to the technology they use than initially.
Note that each technology mentioned may contain a list of individual or sub-technology stacks, such as B. Libraries, hosting environments, utilities, etc. The business function of an application often dictates the tools used for its development. For the record, here are the main techniques used by some well-known companies.
Decide the fate of your project
Choosing the right technology itself depends on the project's needs and the skills of the team developing it, even if funding is not a challenge. This decision can make or break a project. You should research similar types of products you intend to develop to understand how they are built.
You can also consult with your business analysts, project managers, and developers to decide which frameworks and tools are best for the project at hand. If your team lacks, you may want to hire new developers or train old ones.
Great Innovus is happy to advise you and support your software plans. We will recommend you the most appropriate technology stack and project management approach to ensure successful project delivery. Learn more about our software development services and contact us today.