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Top Features of an e-commerce App

August 10, 2021 | Technology | No Comments

The digitization of e-Commerce is one of the largest markets that is being significantly influenced by digital technologies over the past decade. And when it comes to mobile commerce, this market is constantly growing.

For you as a business owner, it means that the demand for m-Commerce solutions is consistently increasing and surely will be high in the future.

In general, you need to equip your m-commerce app with a set of features that facilitate the buyer’s journey, deliver a great user experience (UX), and ensure that making a purchase is smooth and easy.

All in all, every feature of your mobile shopping app should contribute to its primary goal: increasing sales, building customer loyalty, and giving your business the competitive advantage it needs to thrive.

Check out the list of top e-commerce mobile app features that will help you achieve these goals, and make users love your E-Commerce app!

1. Sign Up & Profiles

We generally recommend making this feature optional so that users are not discouraged by the registration process. For retail business, our recommendation is to make it optional, but customers are encouraged to do so. For example, provide to save all detailed information, such as payment options, phone numbers, etc., so that users do not have to enter them again next time.

In addition, when the user closes the application without an account, the selected item will be deleted from the shopping cart. Therefore, to allow users to save or select them as “favorites", an account needs to be created.

2. Home Screen

Home Page: On this screen, the user should be able to quickly access all the main functions. It can include: search bar, Product category (if any) & personal information.

You can also add an “About Us" tab somewhere on the home screen and place contact information-phone numbers, addresses, etc., as well as links to social media accounts, so that users can quickly find it on the Internet without searching on the homepage.

3. Filtering & Sorting

If you offer a wide range of products, you need to implement functional sorting and filtering options. By reducing the number of steps a customer needs to take to find the product they need, you’ll increase sales and deliver a positive user experience – as a result, building a sense of brand loyalty in users.

Ensure that each product has a category, preferably a subcategory and a brand associated with it. If users can search for products by categories and/or brands on your e commerce mobile app, they are more likely to return to your app often.

Thanks to this feature, users can quickly find the products they’re interested in, without having to browse your entire offer.

4. Product Lists

It may seem that adding long, detailed product descriptions to the e-Commerce mobile apps is unnecessary.Customers interested in buying a product can check its details such as type, size, weight, color, material, and warranty. They have all the information they need available in one place

You can also sort these lists by different in several ways:

Lists by categories. Let’s take a look at the picture above: jacket, Face-mask,Perfume.

“Trending”. Such lists are great for promoting certain products & increasing sales.

“New in”. These lists are intended to present newly available products to users. Or a product that was only  available offline can now be bought through an app.

• Discounts.

5. Product Screen

A product page is incomplete without a proper product gallery that includes at least several pictures of the item. 

This feature is intended to provide all information about each product that’s on the app.

Each description can include:

• HD product photos.

• Product description- depends on the type of it.

• Price. 

• Similar goods.

• Availability & the quantity(if it’s considerably limited)

6. Shopping Cart

One of the top mobile commerce app features is a shopping cart. This feature is a must-have in any online store, and mobile shopping apps are no exception. By adding a shopping cart to your store, you build a positive user experience and allow customers the flexibility they appreciate while making purchases. Adjusting your mobile commerce app to the preferences and behaviors of users is critical for its success.

Its main functionality can include: 

• Change the items (add/delete, change quantity, etc.). 

• Compare products (maybe a customer would want to compare different brands with one another by  price, characteristics, etc.) 

• Choose the way of delivery. 

• Conduct payment.

7. Bar-code Scanner

This feature comes in handy if you’re planning to build an e-commerce mobile app that enhances the experience of customers at your brick-and-mortar store with various extras.

You can do it by either integrating a camera in the app or ask to pair it with the one on users’ phones.

8. Instant Checkout

This feature is mostly used for improving the in-store experience — users don’t have to stay in the line to pay for the chosen items, they can simply do it in the app and show the e-receipt on the way out.It might be a good idea to allow users to choose the items, pay for them in the app offering various payment options, and pick them up in the store without having to go through the brick-and-mortar shopping stages.

9. Push-notifications

Push-notifications are great for marketing purposes such as:

i. Remind about items that are left in a cart.

ii. Send personalized offers.

iii. Inform about new products.

iv. Send coupons, discounts & others.

10.Customer Support

So the customer/user experience won’t be worsened by simple-to-solve trouble, you should provide well-organized customer support.

Best support services normally have: 

• A chat-bot that’s able to answer simple requests and pass them to specialists. 

• Live chats with real specialists. 

• Multiple FAQs with possible pre-answered questions. 

• Phone support. 

• A list of contacts with phone numbers, email addresses, links to Social Media accounts, messengers like Viber and WhatsApp.

Wrapping Up

Great Innovus is a leading IT services company. We are a top web and mobile app development company with over 14+ years of experience. Turn your valuable ideas into reality through our Service.

We have expertise in the latest technologies including angular, react native, iOs, Android and more. Great Innovus has developed smart, scalable and innovative solutions for clients across a host of industries.

Our team of dedicated developers combine their knowledge and skills to develop and deliver web and mobile apps that boost business and increase output for our clients.

JQuery & Important Uses

July 21, 2021 | Technology | No Comments


Web developers use JavaScript every day to bring the necessary functionality to the websites they create. jQuery is a special tool that provides powerful features and flexibility. jQuery is a JavaScript library that helps simplify and standardize the interaction between JavaScript code and HTML elements. JavaScript allows websites to be interactive and dynamic, and jQuery is a tool that helps simplify the process. We will dive into what this means, how it works, and why it is so useful.

Top Industry Verticals

Industry verticals where jQuery is being used


jQuery usage by websites across the globe

JQuery is a fast, small JavaScript library contained in a single .js file. It provides many built-in functions, you can use them to complete various tasks easily and quickly. JQuery is a framework built using JavaScript functions. Therefore, you can use all the functions and other functions available in JavaScript.

You can use any JavaScript editor to write jQuery such as
❖ Notepad
❖ Visual Studio
❖ Eclipse
❖ Ultra edit

Both compressed and uncompressed versions of jQuery can be downloaded free from the internet. A compressed version should be used in the production environment whereas the uncompressed version is to be used in a development environment. Compressed version minimizes the library by eliminating extra white space, line feed and shortening the variable and function names. So the compressed version is not readable. An uncompressed library is readable, hence useful in debugging. Once the appropriate version is downloaded, it can be referenced in a file using a script tag.

jQuery can be used in two ways

● Local installation: download the jQuery library on your local machine and include it on your HTML code.
● CDN Based Version: you can include the jQuery library into your HTML code directly from a content delivery network. Google and Microsoft provide content delivery for the latest version.

When can be jQuery used?

➔ JQuery can be used to develop Ajax based applications.
➔ It can be used to make code simple, concise and reusable.
➔ It simplifies the process of traversing the HTML DOM tree.
➔ It can also handle events, perform animation and add ajax support in web applications.

10 Important Uses of JQuery

JQuery's API is well designed. Its functionality is so complete that the last few major versions of the library hardly added any new methods. JQuery plays very well with other code. It does not extend any built-in JavaScript objects, only adds a symbol to the global namespace. Some main uses of jQuery are explained in detail as follows:

1. Plugins

A plug-in is a piece of code written in a standard JavaScript file. These files provide useful jQuery methods that can be used with jQuery library methods. There are a large number of plug-ins on the web that allow web developers to create special effects simply and quickly

2. DOM Manipulation

jQuery makes it easy to select DOM elements, using a cross-browser open source selector engine called Sizzle to negotiate and modify them.

3. Animations and AJAX support

jQuery has a large number of built-in animation effects. It can also help you develop responsive and feature-rich sites using AJAX technology. Therefore, most web developers prefer to use jQuery to make web pages more exciting, interactive, cleaner, and more user-friendly

4. Cross-browser support

Currently, uses of jQuery are the most popular JavaScript library that works on all the browsers. It also supports CSS3 selectors and basic X Path syntax.

5. Write Less, Do More

JQuery handles many common tasks that require a lot of JavaScript code to complete, and packages them into methods that can be called with a single line of code. This makes 5 lines of jQuery equivalent to 25 lines of traditional JavaScript code. This means smaller files and faster web page loading.

6. Ease of learning

JQuery does not require any specific prerequisites to learn and is very simple because it is built on shorter code than JavaScript. Simple coding standards and coding syntax can greatly reduce the time required to develop and deploy a website. In addition, developers do not need any design skills or learning web design, because jQuery provides a wealth of built-in plug-ins.

7. Search engine optimized

Some jQuery effects are almost the same as Flash, but everything in jQuery is set to text. This makes jQuery smaller than Flash, and all search engine robots can read the content.

8. Easy integration with Visual Studio IDE

Visual Studio provides extensions to help integrate the jQuery library into the .Net framework project. The Visual Studio 2010 version supports the integration of the JQuery library into the .Net framework. The NuGet package extension for Visual Studio facilitates this integration. With the help of this integration, the IntelliSense function of visual studio is turned on. All jQuery methods of this function are automatically filled, and errors will be displayed where there is a syntax error.

9. Even when JavaScript is disabled, a jQuery element has still displayed

Some browsers have prerequisites to install adobe flash in order to render all content correctly. This is not the case with jQuery. Manipulating the HTML DOM has become the practice of developing and modifying web pages today. Therefore, content will be rendered even if JavaScript is disabled in the browser.

10. jQuery makes flash like animated applications

It takes time to learn Flash and years of experience to make animations in Flash, hence hiring Flash developers is not a cheap task. With jQuery, you only need to understand JavaScript and HTML to make animations. In addition, there are a large number of plugins to make this task easier.


jQuery is the best cross-browser JavaScript library, and its compilation aims to simplify HTML client-side scripting. Since jQuery is built on top of JavaScript, it provides all the features of JavaScript. From the above points we can say that jQuery is an enhanced version of JavaScript. 

JQuery has a lot of impressive effects, and web designers often use it to make their designs more cute and elegant. It minimizes the tasks of Web developers to a large extent by providing instantplug-ins.

Do you want to learn more about how we use jQuery when developing websites? Do you have any questions about how to use jQuery to implement the functions you need on your website? Please feel free to contact us. We would love to hear from you!


The artificial intelligence revolution is not a myth. As the New York Times predicts, by 2030, nearly 50% of work will be replaced by AI solutions. AI is directly related to big data, so we can clearly predict that these two fields will flourish in the future. But to make more scientific predictions and review modern trends, we must consider the history and development of these fields

The term “artificial intelligence” first appeared at a conference at Dartmouth College in 1956. This is the first attempt to describe our thinking as a symbol system. Nearly 50 years have passed since then-in 2005, the term “big data” was released. Obviously, the use of big data happened earlier. Let us use a concrete example to illustrate the relationship between these concepts. Imagine that there are hundreds of cameras running and recording video in a year. Here, big data and artificial intelligence, which help to process large amounts of data, go hand in hand.

1. Hyper-automation with the help of AI solutions and Machine Learning

One of the most productive IT trends is hyper-automation. Experts explain hyper-automation in different ways. The most famous concept is based on automated digital or intelligent processes. The main idea of this process is related to the statement that everything can be automated. This process is accelerated by the pandemic. Machine learning compares artificial intelligence solutions and robotic automation tools being used for hyper-automation. Modern technology helps the system respond to any changes in the process and start participating in new algorithms. Automated processes can completely replace manual tasks. In any case, hyper-automation cannot be a substitute for humans, it just frees humans from low-value and monotonous tasks. Therefore, they focus on the higher-value tasks of the organization. They are still involved in the digitization process, and automation technology is effectively handling scalable tasks

There are different advantages of hyper-automation:
❖ The growth of personnel productivity.
❖ The possibility to implement scalable and flexible tasks.
❖ Increased income and reduced costs.

2. Innovations in Prevention and Detection are coming…

Drones have been used to monitor whether people comply with social distancing rules. With the help of artificial intelligence, drones and special applications will help measure temperature and detect symptoms of COVID-19. They will use artificial intelligence-based computer vision algorithms to find individuals with higher body temperatures in a crowd. Another area where AI will be used is face recognition. For example, any person breaks the rules of quarantine. Modern technologies help to recognize this person and individuals with whom he or she had contacts. It’s a kind of breathtaking technology, but sometimes it can be perceived as a violation of personal boundaries. Anyway, due to the situation related to the COVID-19, the public becomes broad-minded and more tolerant. Therefore, the technology won’t be taken critically.

3. New approaches to doing business

Social methods are influenced by Pandemic. Digital trends related to artificial intelligence are booming. According to Forbes, Amazon's sales in the second quarter of this year increased by 40% (compared with the same period last year). Artificial intelligence solutions and platforms play an important role in this process. The main purpose of modern enterprises is related to the realization of customer needs. After that, they still face the challenge of using digital channels and tools to satisfy customers. The main effort should be focused on the development of personalized tools and multilateral analysis. This analysis includes an evaluation of the user’s behavior. It can be used for any eCommerce platform, mobile application, or online game.

4. Overcoming the new wave of the Pandemic

AI algorithms can predict a new wave of pandemics. Literary development helps to establish a system for analyzing the current situation. It is worth noting that the first alert was received before the large-scale spread of COVID-19. It happened last year. BlueDot's AI-based tool in Toronto analyzes data from different sources and understands the critical situation in Wuhan.

The development of AI algorithms that help to detect new outbreaks is useful for the government, businessmen, and all mankind in general. Such an alert helps to respond rapidly by taking preventive measures. However, another goal is to build a system related to rapid information sharing. It can also help to be efficient in the prevention of the new wave of COVID-19

5. New possibility of using AI

AI solutions are popular, but they are still not always available for simple devices from smartphones to vehicles without the need to send data to the cloud and back. Software engineers are committed to solving this problem. One of the reasons it is not the most literate decision is the fragility of the data. In the future, experts will increase the autonomy of applications so that they can run without a permanent Internet connection. Huang Renxun from Nvidia said that the future of artificial intelligence lies entirely in smart sensors that can be connected to computers. It saves power, speeds checkouts, and arranges traffic.

6. Ethics and AI

It sounds weird but the demand for ethical Artificial Intelligence rises. New digital products based on AI solutions shall comply with ethical standards. Nowadays more attention is paid to these peculiarities of AI because they can impact the future of humanity. We should think about the risks and ways that help to avoid them. The main items that should be analyzed are:

❖ Privacy
❖ Responsible decision making
❖ Interactions between robots and humans
❖ Machine ethics
❖ Bias and opacity
❖ Surveillance

7. Transformers and new language models

The technology GPT-3 that was presented in summer 2020 is a language model that is based on Artificial Intelligence. GPT-3 has all possibilities to mesmerize anybody. It forms new possibilities for NLP. GPT-3 can generate code, write poems and even fully-fledged articles. Therefore, such Transformers based on AI are becoming more efficient. In recent years they will learn natural language.

❖ Privacy
❖ Responsible decision making
❖ Interactions between robots and humans
❖ Machine ethics
❖ Bias and opacity
❖ Surveillance

What if we look further into the future of AI?

The various innovations related to AI and Machine Learning will appear in a few decades. Let’s review the main developments in different areas:

Autonomous cars They are already developed but not widely distributed. Noteworthy that there are five levels of autonomy. Car manufacturers have reached the third level. Though, a lot of work should be done in the future. A fully autonomous car is a new reality for the area of transportation. The biggest companies – Tesla, Volvo, Audi, Mercedes-Benz – work in this direction.

Healthcare Thanks to AI and Big Data, any disease is diagnosed more quickly. The virtual assistant can monitor patients. Big Data is used here for detailed patient experience.

Robots for the industrial sector.

Education New kinds of digital tutors and textbooks are processed with AI instruments. The same set of instruments can be used for other aims. For example, with the help of AI teachers can better understand the emotions of the children and rid them of the routine work, namely: checking homework, preparing plans, or producing tests.

Media industry Here AI helps to prepare financial and other reports.

Client support Google works on an assistant that is based on AI solutions and able to replace the human-like call for making an appointment. This system will understand not only words but the general context.

Big Data in 2021: 3 important trends

As AI is directly linked to Big Data, let’s consider what will happen in the area of unstructured and structured information in 2021. A strong need for big data will assist in various trends.

Trend No1 Fighting with climate change

Climate change is not a new issue for scientists. This issue has attracted widespread attention after the Swedish environmental activist Greta Thunberg issued a statement to world leaders. Big data received from different sources (meteorologists, scientists, marine or nuclear researchers) can be used to analyze changes

Trend No2 Big data will become more accessible thanks to cloud technology

Cloud technology helps to access applications from anywhere. Big data analysis in different fields, including business, will be used not only by experts, but also by managers and other employees. This means that many people will have basic knowledge of data science. However, analysis can be run from various devices,

Trend No3 NLP

Natural language processing can help provide business insights. It is called sentiment analysis, which can show the customer's attitude towards a brand or product in depth. To receive this analysis, the developer should provide the system with big data retrieved from the repository

As you can see, AI and Big Data are real up-and-coming areas that are developing very intensively


Software Testing is a method to check whether the actual software product matches expected requirements and to ensure that the software product is Defect free. It involves execution of software/system components using manual or automated tools to evaluate one or more properties of interest. The purpose of software testing is to identify errors, gaps or missing requirements in contrast to actual requirements.

Automation Testing

It is a software testing technique that performs using special automated testing software tools to execute a test case suite. On the contrary, Manual Testing is performed by a human sitting in front of a computer carefully executing the test steps.

Automated Testing Process

Following steps are followed in an Automation Process

-Test Tool Selection
– Define scope of Automation
– Planning, Design and Development
– Test Execution
– Maintenance

Benefits of Automation Testing

Following are the Test Automation benefits:

● 70% faster than the manual testing
● Wider test coverage of  application features
● Reliable in results
● Ensure Consistency
● Saves Time and Cost
● Improves accuracy
● Human Intervention is not required while execution
● Increases Efficiency
● Better speed in executing tests
● Reusable test scripts

Automation Testing Tool

1. Selenium
2. QTP (MicroFocus UFT)
3. Watir
4. Testim


It is a software testing tool used for Regression Testing. It is an open source testing tool that provides playback and recording facilities for Regression Testing. The Selenium IDE only supports Mozilla Firefox web browser.

● It provides the provision to export recorded script in other languages like Java, Ruby, RSpec, Python, C#, etc
● It can be used with frameworks like JUnit , Maven, NUnit, TestNG, and Docker.
● It can execute multiple tests at a time
● Autocomplete for Selenium commands that are common
● Walkthrough tests
● Identifies the element using id, name, X-path, etc.
● Store tests as Ruby Script, HTML, and any other format
● It provides an option to assert the title for every page
● It supports selenium user-extensions.js file

Selenium Tools Suit

● Selenium Integrated Development Environment (IDE)
● Selenium Remote Control (Now Deprecated)
● WebDriver
● Selenium Grid

1. Selenium IDE

Selenium IDE is implemented as a Firefox extension which provides record and playback functionality on test scripts. It allows testers to export recorded scripts in many languages like HTML, Java, Ruby, RSpec, Python, C#, JUnit and TestNG. You can use these exported scripts in Selenium RC or Webdriver

2. Selenium Remote Control

Selenium RC (officially deprecated by selenium)allows testers to write automated web application UI tests in any of the supported programming languages. It also involves an HTTP proxy server which enables the browser to believe that the web application being tested comes from the domain provided by the proxy server.

Selenium RC comes with two components.
1.  Selenium RC Server (acts as a HTTP proxy for web requests).
2. Selenium RC Client (library containing your programming language code).

3. Selenium Webdriver

Selenium WebDriver is a web framework that permits you to execute cross-browser tests. This tool is used for automating web-based application testing to verify that it performs expectedly. Selenium WebDriver allows you to choose a programming language to create test scripts. As discussed earlier, it is an advancement over Selenium RC to overcome a few limitations. Selenium WebDriver is not capable of handling window components, but this drawback can be overcome by using tools like Sikuli, Auto IT, etc.

4. Selenium Grid

Selenium Grid is also an important component of Selenium Suite which allows us to run our tests on different machines against different browsers in parallel. In simple words, we can run our tests simultaneously on different machines running different browsers and operating systems.

Selenium Frameworks:

1. TestNG

Using TestNG, you can generate a proper report, and you can easily come to know how many test cases are passed, failed, and skipped. You can execute the failed test cases separately

2. Maven

In Maven terminology, a repository is a directory where all the project jars, library jar, plugins or any other project specific artifacts are stored and can be used by Maven easily

3. JUnit

JUnit is an open source Unit Testing Framework for JAVA. It is useful for Java Developers to write and run repeatable tests. Erich Gamma and Kent Beck initially develop it. It is an instance of xUnit architecture. As the name implies, it is used for Unit Testing of a small chunk of code.

4. BDD

a. Cucumber:
Cucumber is a testing approach which supports Behavior Driven Development (BDD). It explains the behavior of the application in a simple English text using Gherkin language.

b. Specflow:                      

SpecFlow is inspired by the Cucumber framework in the Ruby on Rails world. Cucumber uses plain English in the Gherkin format to express user stories. Once the user stories and their expectations are written, the Cucumber gem is used to execute those stores.

c. Docker:
Docker is an open-source containerization platform that makes it easy to create, deploy, and run applications in a secure manner using containers.

Framework’s and IDE’s:


This blog helps us to know about the Importance of Automation Testing, Various Tools & benefits of the Automation tools available in Open source and in Market.

The web is constantly evolving, and the CSS framework is also evolving. They make front-end development more efficient and interesting. Love them or hate them, and the CSS framework will remain.

Developers without any front-end experience can use some of these frameworks to easily implement user-friendly UI. Other frameworks are more complex and geared towards power users. Regardless of your experience level, these frameworks can help you create beautiful layouts faster.

In this blogs, we will introduce the best CSS frameworks on the market so that you can choose the right one according to your needs.

10 Best CSS Frameworks for Front-End Developers

1.  Bootstrap 

2. Tailwind CSS

3. Materialize

4. Bulma CSS 

5. Foundation CSS 

6. UI Kit 

7. Semantic UI 

8. Pure CSS 

9. Skeleton 

10. Miligram

1. Bootstrap

Bootstrap is the most popular and widely used CSS framework, and it has the highest number of stars on the GitHub. In the past few years, Bootstrap has gained too much popularity amongst front-end developers, and apart from CSS it also uses HTML and JavaScript for a beautiful and interactive user interface.

Bootstrap is a free open-source CSS framework built responsively with mobile-first components.

Release date: August 19, 2011

Open Source

Github : 150k Stars, 73.2k Forks. 

Browser Support: Latest Chrome, Safari, Firefox, Opera, Safari, Edge & IE 10+, Android v5.0+


A. Rapid prototypin

B. Large ecosystem

C. Backed by Twitter

D. A large collection of components

E. LESS and SASS support


i. Hard to override

ii. Overused

iii. Relies on jQuery

iv. Heavy to include

Who Is Using The Bootstrap CSS Framework?

Spotify, Twitter, Udemy, StackShare, Lyft, LinkedIn, Jelvix

2. Tailwind CSS

Tailwind is a utility-first framework you can use for the rapid building of UIs. It’s a CSS library that is utility-based that prefers practicality and speed over a semantic and lean markup. All you need to determine thoroughly is the scope of your project. Based on that, it’s easy to create an entire website without having to write your own CSS.

Tailwind CSS markets itself as an alternative to pr-designed components.

Release date: November 2, 2017

Open Source

Github : 41k Stars, 1.9k Forks. 

Browser Support: All modern browser


A. More productivityn

B. Smaller bundle-size

C. Configurable and Customization

D. No naming or context-switching

E. Code reuse


i. Steep learning curve

ii. Not to be used directly

Who Is Using The Tailwind CSS Framework?

Companies like BlaBlaCar, OnlineDoctor, Hubblr, Superchat use Tailwind CSS in their tech stack

3. Materialize

Materialize CSS also comes under the category of best CSS frameworks. It is a CSS  UI component library developed by Google with CSS, Javascript and HTML. It is also known as Material Design. It has several interactive components that help accelerate development and provide a good user experience. Animations offer visual input for users and make the development team work more manageable.

Materialize CSS is mobile-friendly and helps to build progressive web applications. 

Release date: September 2011

Open Source

Github : 38.5k Stars, 4.9k Forks.

Browser Support: Chrome 35+, Firefox 31+, Safari 9+, Opera, Edge, IE 11+


A. Variety of Built-in Features

B. Reduces Coding Time

C. Great Plugin Selections

D. Ease Of Use

E. Compatible with Sass


i. Strict design language

ii. Independent project

Who Is Using The Materialize CSS Framework?

WPArena, DigitalServices, GameRaven, DroneDeploy

4. Bulma CSS

Bulma is a relatively new entrant to the battleground of CSS frameworks and has made a name for itself in a short time. Its attractiveness lies in a strict, CSS-only approach (there are no JavaScript components), and elegant defaults, which is something many developers with a good eye for design have a problem with when working with Bootstrap.

Bulma  is a great alternative to Bootstrap, as it features modern code and a unique aesthetic. It’s easy to use and import into your projects and comes with various pre-made components.

Release date: January 24, 2016

Open Source

Github : 43.4k Stars, 3.7k Forks.

Browser Support: Latest Chrome, Edge, Firefox, Opera, Safari, IE 10+ (Partially supported)


A. Aesthetic design

B. Large Community

C. Developer-friendly

D. Easy to customize

E. Pure CSS, no JavaScript


i. Distinct style

ii. Less complete

Who Is Using The Bulms CSS Framework?

Django, Rubrik, XICA magellan, Tam Development, Awesome Stacks, WordPress Setup.

5. Foundation CSS

Developers say that if programming were a religion Foundation and Bootstrap guys would be on opposite sides of the barricades. Foundation is another superb most widely used CSS framework in the world. It is used by many companies such as Facebook, eBay, Mozilla, Adobe, and even Disney. The framework is built on Saas like bootstrap. It is more sophisticated, flexible, and easily customizable

Foundation is the perfect choice for experienced developers who enjoy freedom but want the power of a fully-featured framework.

Release date: November 04, 2014

Open Source

Github : 29k Stars, 5.7k Forks.

Browser Support: Last Two Versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Opera, Mobile Safari, IE Mobile, Edge and IE 9+, Android Browser 4.4+


A. Create responsive design

B. Powerful Email framework

C. Extreme flexibility

D. Online webinar training support.

E. Easy to customize


i.   Hard to learn

ii.  Too Many options

iii. Relies on Javascript

Who Is Using The Bulma CSS Framework?

LaunchDarkly, Nubank, Accenture, Docker, foodpanda / hellofood, Workday, CISCO WebEx, HotelTonight

6. UI Kit

UI Kit is a lightweight, modular front-end CSS, and web UI design framework, which offers almost all the major features of other frameworks. UI kits have lots of pre-built components such as Accordion, Alert, Drop, Iconnav, animations, Padding, etc. which shows usage patterns, component options, and methods.

UI kit helps web developers to create clean and modern interfaces

Release date: July 19, 2013

Open Source

Github : 16.8k Stars, 2.3k Forks.

Browser Support: Latest Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Edge & Safari 9.1,+ IE 11+


A. Minimalism

B. Huge collection of useful UI components.

C. Compatible with Less and Sass

D. Includes JavaScript

E. Adaptability to any devices


i.  Complex for smaller projects

ii.  Smaller community

Who Is Using The UIKit CSS Framework?

LiteTube, AskNicely, Crunchyroll, SolarWinds, Nedwave

7. Semantic UI

Semantic UI is an advance CSS framework, which uses JavaScript along with jQuery. It is mostly used for designing modern and advance website themes. It is very compatible with popular front-end frameworks such as React, Angular, Ember, and Meteor which allow developers to build a dynamic and interactive user interfaces for multiple devices.

Semantic UI is built around the unique goal of creating a shared vocabulary around UI.

Release date: September 16, 2013

Open Source

Github : 49.2k Stars, 5.1k Forks.

Browser Support: : Last 2 Versions FF, Chrome, Safari Mac, IE 11+, Android 4.4+, Chrome for Android 44+, iOS Safari 7+, Microsoft Edge 12+


A. Very easy to use

B. Less time to design a page.

C. Wide variety of themes available

D. Friendly class names


i.  Less browser compatibility

ii.  Less responsive design

iii. Smaller community

Who Is The Semantic UI Framework?

Companies like Snapchat, Accenture, RapidAPI, Kmong, Ristoranti use the UI Framework.

8. Pure Css

Yahoo was created purely in 2014. It is a highly responsive and light CSS framework built using Normalize.css and lets you create responsive grids and menus. It comprises a set of small, responsive CSS modules that you can use in every web project. Websites that are intuitive, faster, and visually appealing can be quickly built

Pure provides layout and styling for native HTML elements, plus the most common UI components

Release date:  May 15, 2013

Open Source

Github : 21.7k Stars, 2.3k Forks.

Browser Support: : IE 10+, Latest Stable: Firefox, Chrome, Safari, iOS 12+, Android 6+


A. Tiny

B. Simple Customizations.

C. Lightweight and responsive

D. Mobile friendly

E. Ready-made components


i.  Number of Multiple Backgrounds per Element

ii.  Lack of Variables

iii. Inconsistent Browser Support

iv.  Collapsing Margins

Who Is Using The Pure CSS Framework?

Companies like,, Wizters, Hacktoolkit,  Choobs Ltd use the Pure CSS framework

9. Skeleton

As the name suggests Skeleton is the simplest and minimal responsive CSS framework to use. It contains only 400 lines of code but offers a huge variety of options to use in your project. Features such as grids, typography, buttons, forms, lists, media queries, tables, etc allow you to create a complex website effortlessly.

Skeleton is a small collection of CSS files that can help you rapidly develop sites that look beautiful at any size

Release date:  May 15, 2020.

Open Source

Github : 18.2k Stars, 3.1k Forks.

Browser Support: : Chrome latest, Firefox latest, Opera latest, Safari latest, IE lates


A. A “dead simple” frameworks, hence the best beginners

B. It has Superior main types and layouts

C. Clean and beautiful codes

D. Suite devices with small resolutions

E. More like a boilerplate than a full-fledged framework.


i.  Skeleton lacks richness of CSS

ii.  Development time is much higher in Comparison

iii. The templates also limited

Who Is Using The Skeleton CSS Framework?

Companies like Steelkiwi Inc., Spirit Pixels use Skeleton in their tech stack

10. Miligram

As the name suggests this another lightweight CSS framework designed for creating websites faster. The size of the framework is just 2Kb but it comes with a lot of features and web development tools to meet your requirement. It gives flexibility to the developer and allows them to use all the features offered by CSS3 specification. One can also extend this with a few lines of custom CSS.

Milligram is a minimalist CSS framework that has a tight community of developers around it.

Release date:  December 29, 2015.

Open Source

Github : 9.3k Stars, 562 Forks.

Browser Support: Chrome latest, Firefox latest, Opera latest, Safari latest, Brave latest, Edge latest.


A. Minimalist CSS framework.

B. Not opinionated

C. Easy to learn


i.  No templates

ii.  Small community

Who Is Using The Miligram CSS Framework?

Companies like Tam Development, Gooroo, Calligraphr use the Miligram framework in their tech stack


The above list gives a detailed overview of the best framework of 2021. Each framework has unique features and a variety of components which makes them preferable for your web applications. You will surely find this article useful and noteworthy, as we have covered all the major aspects of the CSS framework. 

 Looking for the trends and doing competitor analysis could be helpful, and still, if you are confused or having issues then hire programmers from us who are having all the technical expertise and offer high productivity at a minimal cost.


Apple has released software updates for all of its major platforms, including the iPhone, Mac and Apple Watch. The updates are rolling out to users worldwide. Here’s what’s new in Apple’s major software releases.

iOS 14.5 Features Now Available to Everyone

After a beta testing cycle that spanned nearly three months, iOS 14.5 is now available to everyone alongside iPadOS 14.5. You can update your iPhone or iPad by going to the Settings app, choosing General, then choosing Software Update.

1. Unlock iPhone with Apple Watch

Ability to unlock your iPhone X and later with Apple Watch Series 3 and later when you attempt to use Face ID while wearing a face mask.

you can set up the unlock with Apple Watch feature by going to Settings >Face ID & Passcode and turning on the Unlock with Apple Watch option on your iPhone.

2. AirTag Support

Support for AirTag to keep track of and find your important items like your keys, wallet, backpack and more. Lost Mode notifies you when your AirTag is found, and you can enter a phone number where you can be contacted

3. New Emoji

Support for separate skin tones for each individual in all variations of the couple kissing emoji and couple with heart emoji. New face emojis, heart emojis, along with different gender options for people with beards

4. Siri improvements

Siri now includes more diverse voice options. Incoming calls can be announced with Siri, including who is calling, when you’re wearing your AirPods or compatible Beats headphones, and you can answer hands-free. Group FaceTime calls are supported by asking Siri to FaceTime a list of contacts or a group name from Messages. Emergency contacts can be called by asking Siri.

5. App Tracking Transparency

App Tracking Transparency lets you control which apps are allowed to track your activity across other companies’ apps and websites for ads or sharing with data brokers. You can also apply the new privacy setting universally across all your apps by going to Settings > Privacy Tracking and turning off Allow Apps to Request to Track.

6. Podcasts and updates

Podcasts Show Pages are redesigned to make it easier to start listening. Option to save and download episodes, automatically adding them to your Library for quick access. Download behavior and notification settings can be customized on a show-by-show basis. Top Charts and popular categories in Search help you discover new shows.

7. 5G improvements

Dual SIM support enables 5G connectivity on the line that’s using cellular data on iPhone 12 models. Smart Data Mode improvements further optimize your experience on 5G networks for better battery life and data usage on iPhone 12 models. 5G international roaming enabled on supported carriers on iPhone 12 models.

8. News

Redesigned News+ tab enables Apple News+ subscribers to quickly find, download, and manage magazine and newspaper issues. All-new Search experience that helps you find relevant topics, channels, and stories

9. Maps

Accidents, hazards, or speed checks along your route can be reported by telling Siri on your iPhone or on CarPlay. Estimated time of arrival (ETA) can be shared when cycling or walking, in addition to driving, by asking Siri or tapping on the route card at the bottom of the screen, then tapping Share ETA.

10. Gaming (Expanded Controller Support)
  • Xbox Series X S Wireless Controller or Sony PS5 DualSense Wireless Controller support with the iPhone and the iPad.
  • The new controllers also connect to the     Apple TV with the tvOS 14.5 update.

Best New Apple watch(watchOS 7.4) Features

To activate the feature, both the Apple Watch and the iPhone need to be running the latest version of their respective software and must be password-protected

*watchOS 7.4 the big change is the ability to unlock your iPhone while wearing a mask, without resorting to a passcode. That might sound like an iPhone feature, but it's powered by Apple Watch – so you need to be wearing your Apple Watch at the time, then just attempt to use Face ID with a mask on, and your iPhone should unlock.

* WatchOS 7.4 also brings AirPlay compatibility to Apple's Fitness Plus service so you can cast your workouts on even more screens.

* The Apple Watch will get many of the same features found in iOS 14.5, including the 217 new emojis and the option to change your default music0. 

* watchOS 7.4 include the ability to stream audio and video content from Apple Fitness Plus to an AirPlay 2- enabled device

What’s new update in macOS Big Sur 11.3

macOS Big Sur 11.3 arrived on the same day as iOS 14.5. It offers many of the same features, and brings others to the Mac that were already enjoyed on iOS. The biggest changes are probably those coming to the M1 Macs, which will be able to access Touch Alternative settings so that they can mimic some of the gestures used on touch screens on their keyboard and mouse.

AirTag and Find My

Support for AirTag to keep track of and find your important items like your keys, wallet, backpack and more, privately and securely in the Find My app.The Find My network with hundreds of millions of devices can help you find your AirTag, even when it isn't nearby. Lost Mode notifies you when your AirTag is found, and you can enter a phone number where you can be contacted.

iPhone and iPad apps on Macs with M1

Option to change an iPhone and iPad app’s window size. Support for displaying the highest resolution version of an iPhone or iPad app in full screen.Keyboard support for iPhone and iPad games designed to use device tilt. Keyboard, mouse and trackpad support for iPhone and iPad games that support game controllers.


Support for separate skin tones for each individual in all variations of the couple kissing emoji and couple with heart emoji. New face emojis, heart emojis, woman with a beard emoji.


Siri now includes more diverse voice options

Apple Music

Autoplay keeps music playing by automatically playing a similar song, once you’ve reached the end of a song or playlist. City charts showcase what’s popular in over 100 cities from all over the world.


Start Page section order can now be customized. Additional WebExtensions API lets developers offer extensions that replace the new tab page. Web Speech API lets developers incorporate speech recognition into their web pages for real-time captioning, dictation, and voice navigation. WebM and Vorbis video and audio format support


Ability to sort Today Smart list.Support for syncing the order of reminders in lists across your devices. Option to print your reminder lists.

About This Mac

About this Mac displays Apple warranty status and AppleCare+ coverage in the Service tab when signed in with Apple ID. Support for purchasing and enrolling in AppleCare+ for eligible Mac computers from About This Mac.


There are several programming languages out there. Nevertheless, new ones are still emerging.  But the main question is which one runs the entire market or which programming language is the most popular and best suited for web and mobile application development.  IEEE Spectrum has released its annual list of top programming languages. The interactive rankings are created by weighting and combining various metrics from eight sources CareerBuilder, GitHub, Google, Hacker News, the IEEE, Reddit, Stack Overflow, and Twitter.

The IEEE Spectrum comes with a list of 2021 top programming languages. The list of programming languages are based on popularity.

Top Programming Languages


In the past few years, Python has been the favorite programming language of almost all individuals who have just started in the field of programming Domain. The main reason behind it is a very simple syntax that makes it easy to read, learn and use.

Python's compatibility with cutting-edge technology such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) makes it more appealing to programmers.

Popular Frameworks – Django, Flask, Pyramid.

YouTube, Quora, Instagram, and Pinterest are popular apps built using Python.


Java is one of today's most common and in-demand computer programming languages.  There are approximately 8 million JAVA developers worldwide-perhaps this number can help you assess the demand and popularity of this particular language.

One way to prove that Java is good is that when Google first launched its mobile operating system, it was Google's choice to create Android applications. Java is widely used in Web and application development and big data.

Java is also used on the back end of some popular websites, including Google, AmazonTwitter, and YouTube.

Popular Frameworks – Springs, Hibernate, Struts

C & C++

Both C and C++ are occupying a considerable portion of the tech world and currently ranking at the top positions on various indexes.

Both C and C++ are considered high-performance languages. Therefore, they are widely used to develop performance-critical applications, such as client/server applications, commercial products such as Firefox, Bloomberg, Adobe, and video games.

Companies such as Nvidia, Google, Microsoft, and Apple are often looking for C/C++ developers.

Popular frameworks – MFC, .Net, Qt, KDE, GNOME.


Many languages came and disappeared, but JavaScript is one of the few well-known languages that enjoy a high reputation and demand in the programming world. JavaScript was called LiveScript when it was first shipped with Netscape Navigator 2.0 in September 1995. Later, it was renamed JavaScript.

JavaScript used for both backend and frontend programming. This is one of the most popular coding languages widely used within the Internet of Things (IoT).

Although the language is mainly used to add responsive elements on web pages, it has a wide range of applications, such as web development, game development, mobile application development, etc.

Instagram, Accenture, Airbnb, Slack are popular organizations using JavaScript.

Popular Frameworks – Node.js, Angular, React.js, Vue, Meteor

R Language
R is another emerging name in the programming world! It is open-source programming that is widely used in the fields of data science, statistical analysis, and machine learning, and provides you with a set of libraries and frameworks. The language is very suitable for GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows.

Various large technology companies such as Facebook, Google, Uber, etc. are using the R language for their business, and considering the rapidly growing demand for data science and machine-learning trends, learning the R programming language is undoubtedly for your future a career worth it.

Popular Studio – R Studio

Go (Golang)
Go, also known as Golang, is a programming language developed by Google. Because of its simple, modern structure and familiarity with grammar, it has become popular among many large IT companies. Currently, this language is one of the most widely used languages in Silicon Valley.

It provides you with many rich functions, such as garbage collection, dynamic typing, type safety, high performance, and high efficiency, etc.

Companies that use Go as their programming language include Google, Uber, Twitch, Dropboxetc. Due to its agility and performance, Go is also becoming more and more popular among data scientists.

Popular Frameworks – Martini, Gin Gonic, Buffalo, Revel

Swift was developed by Apple in July 2010. Swift is a relatively new programming language used to develop iOS and macOS applications.

Swift requires fewer coding skills compared with other programming languages, and it can be used with IBM Swift Sandbox and IBM Bluemix. Swift is used in popular iOS apps like WordPress, Mozilla Firefox, SoundCloud, and even in the game Flappy Bird.

Popular Frameworks – Quick, Vapor, SwiftMonkey, Kitura

Bottom Line

As you can see, the future of the software development industry looks very promising. The current trend of programming languages shows that any software development project can choose a variety of top programming languages. The final choice depends on the type of application to be built and the specific business requirements.
Are you looking for a company that provides the best-customized software development services?Welcome to contact us. We will serve you wholeheartedly.

  • Front-end web development: JavaScript
  • Back-end web development: JavaScript, Java, Python, Go
  • Mobile development: Swift, Java
  • Game development: C++
  • Desktop applications: Java, C++, Python
  • Systems programming: C, R

FAQ for Most Demanding Programming Languages

1. Why are there different programming languages?

The answer to this question is very simple: because each programming language has a different purpose, it means that each technology is used to solve a specific problem. Sometimes, there may be two or more options for performing a specific task. Nevertheless, the method will be different.

2.Programming languages list which are most popular in the USA?

The platform Education Ecosystem conducted a survey, highlighting the most popular programming languages in the United States. Their findings indicate that there is a high demand for technologies such as Python, Swift, R, Ruby, C, C++, C#, PHP, Java, JavaScript, and Delphy/Object Pascal.

3 .Which programming language is most needed?

Tech Learn mentioned the most demanding programming languages of all. These are: Python, R, JavaScript, Java, PHP, C#, C++, Scala, Swift, Kotlin

Due to the internet’s large penetration, there is an increase in a large number of technologies and web users. Moreover, it has helped in providing a big opportunity for both the manufacturing industry and consumers as well. In the last decade applications for E-Commerce in the manufacturing industry have evolved a lot from a transaction between a buyer and seller, basic communication, and collaborating medium between various stakeholders.

This collaboration helps manufacturing companies to increase their sales by offering recommendations for online products and promotions. Plus, E-Commerce is an opportunity for manufacturers to experiment with new products without taking any risk. So, for that manufacturing industries hire E-Commerce developer for developing their application for E-Commerce.

In this blog, we will discuss 7 benefits of E-Commerce application in the manufacturing

Provides Direct Access to Customers

Other than having margins for high profits, manufacturing industries can communicate with their customers. Because it allows them to learn from their customers and fine-tune their products in a good way.

Being Innovative

Finding new customers outside the manufacturing industry’s channel frees them from the specs they have to adhere to till now. Moreover, if they have any idea for a good looking product, they act on it by doing an analysis of the product and its iterations as time goes by making the product according to the customer's needs and requirements.


A good effective E-Commerce application in the manufacturing industry enables them to scale and grow easily for meeting the market demand and customers requirements by opening new channels for sales and reaching the new market segments on a continuous basis.

Provides Improved Efficiency

By integrating ERP(Enterprise Resource Planning) and other business back-end systems, E-Commerce applications provide various efficiencies marked for consumers. Customers can order online from anywhere and at any time they want to. Moreover, customer services can focus on functions of actual customer services such as shipping costs, timely shipping, etc.

Therefore, manufacturing industries should eliminate the errors and improve the shipping processes and increase the throughput of the order.

More Growth Prospects

A large area provides more possibilities for growth in sales, for that manufacturing industries have to be loyal to their current distributors. Initial problems can be kept aside if they offer products to a different market. So, here the manufacturing industries are not competing with their existing network.


E-Commerce application for manufacturing provides the platform for the manufacturing organizations to do an analysis campaign. With the help of E-Commerce distributors and manufacturers can measure and analyze the effectiveness of sales, campaigns for marketing, inventory turns, the effectiveness of customer sales, and engagement of customers. In addition, manufacturing industries can utilize this data for making better business decisions.

Improving Brand Awareness

Just like E-Commerce can help distributors and manufacturers to find new customers. So, it can help in improving brand awareness in for current market place. Developing web pages which should be linked by the search engine is the best and quick way to improve their website’s SEO(Search Engine Optimization) and will help in getting the target audience required.


Manufacturing is moving towards a multi-channel model for E-Commerce which integrates various channels into a single unified system. Plus, the manufacturing industries that create an effective E-Commerce application stand a good chance above other manufacturing companies globally.

 Therefore, the manufacturing industries should hire a great E-Commerce developer who has good knowledge about the manufacturing Industry. To learn more about E-commerce Application, please visit our website Great Innovus



Software Testing is a process to check the functionality of the application is working according to the customer or clients requirements or not and also ensure the developed product must be bug free. Then main focus of software testing is to identify bugs, deviation and missing requirements from the actual requirement. Tested software products ensures reliability, security and high performance which further results in time saving, cost effectiveness and customer satisfaction.

Importance of Software Testing

It is to ensure that delivered product should be flawless with high quality. It plays a vital role in software development life cycle. The testing is more important because it identifies bugs before delivering the product to the client. Properly tested software will be more reliable and do high performance.

Testing Types

Software testing is generally classified into two main broad categories: functional testing and non-functional testing.

1.Functional Testing

It validates against the functional requirements/specifications by providing the appropriate input, verifying the output on the developed software system. 


It mainly involves Black Box testing like Smoke Testing, Integration Testing, System Testing, User Acceptance Testing, Sanity, Localization, Globalization etc.


2.Non-Functional Testing

 It is to validates against the non functional aspects such as performance, usability, reliability, etc of a software application. 


The main purpose the non-functional testing should increase usability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability of the software product. It mainly involves Performance Testing, Endurance, Load, Stress, Security, Volume, Scalability, Stability etc.

Sno. Functional Testing Non-Functional Testing
1. Smoke Testing – It verifies the basic and critical functionalities of the software is working fine or not. It is to is done to check whether the received build is testable or not. It also known as Build Verification Testing, Skin Testing, Dry Run Testing. Usability testing – Testing the user friendliness of an application [i.e] All the important features of the application should be exposed to the user first.
2. Integration Testing – It verifies the data flow of the modules after validating that the module is working independently or not. Compatibility testing – Testing the application on different software and hardware configuration or platform.
3. System Testing – It is to verify the end to end flow of the software application to ensure that it is working fine as a whole system or not. Performance testing – Checking the behavior of the application by applying load.
4. User Acceptance Testing – Customer checks for the business scenarios or day today transaction or real time scenario. [i.e] How the user uses the application in his day to day life Load Testing – Checking the behavior of an application by applying load less than or equal to the desired load is known as load testing.
5. Sanity Testing – It is to verify that all the bugs have fixed and no other issues are a raised due to these changes made in the code functionality. Stress Testing – Checking the behavior of an application by applying load greater than the desired load is known as stress testing
6. Localization / LION Testing / L10N Testing – It is to verify the application for the different country formats. Scalability Testing – Checking the behavior of an application by increasing or decreasing the load in a particular time interval is known as scalability testing.
7. Globalization – Testing the application forxmultiple country languages (Internationalization ) and different country formats. Stability Testing – Checking the ability of an application to withstand the load for a certain duration of time is known as stability testing.
8. Regression Testing – Re-executing the old test cases across the multiple releases to make sure that the changes (such as addition, modification and division) has not effected the existing functionalities. Volume Testing – Checking the behavior of an application by applying huge volume of load in terms of data is known as volume testing.
9.   Soak Testing /Endurance Testing – Checking the behavior of an application by applying load for a long duration of time in an environment which is not supportive is known as soak/endurance testing.

Testing Methods

Various methods to conduct the software testing types.

a. Black Box Testing – Testing is done by the test engineer where they check if the functionality of the application is working according to the customer or client's requirements or not.

b. White Box Testing / Glass Box Testing / Rear Box Testing / Structural Testing / Unit Testing -Testing done by the developer where they check each and every line of the code written by them before handing over the application to the Test engineer.

c. Grey Box testing – Testing done by the person who have the knowledge on application as well as coding

d. Adhoc Testing/ Monkey Testing – Testing without following any systematic approach were as we directly start testing the application however we want it. [i.e] Randomly

e. Exhaustive Testing – Testing for similar type of value continuously for a particular text box or field box

f. Exploratory Testing – Testing is done to explore the application knowledge by discovering, investigating and learning on each and every module of the application.

Phases of Software Testing

It is a procedural of activities followed during testing to ensure software quality expectation are met. Following are the major phases of Software Testing Life Cycle.

a. Requirement Gathering – QA Team studies requirement and interact with the stakeholder to understand the requirement.

b. Test Planning – Determines the Test Strategy, resource, test environment, and testing schedule.

c. Test Document – Identify the Test Scenarios (High level document – All possible combination to test the Application) and Prepare Test cases (detailed level document – Step by Step procedure to test the application) based on the identified scenarios.

d. Test Execution – It includes the execution of the test script, Identifying the bugs and reporting the bugs in bugs report and Requirement Traceability Matrix.

e. Test Cycle Closure – It involves test completion reporting, collection of test completion matrices and test results. The criteria for evaluating cycle completion is based on Time, Cost, Software etc. And need to prepare test closure report.

Software Testing Tools

Various testing tools are available to deliver a high-quality products. Some of the popular testing tools are below.

Automation Tools :

1. Selenium – It is Open source Testing framework used to perform testing on web application across multiple browsers and platforms like Windows, Mac, and Linux

2. Tricentis Tosca – Popular script-less tool to automate end-to-end testing for a software application.

3. HPE Unified Functional Testing – It is a functional GUI testing tool that allows the automation of user actions on a client-based computer application.

4. Ranorex – GUI testing tool execute automated tests defect-free throughout all environment and devices.

5. Appium – Open source mobile application UI testing framework. It allows native, hybrid, and web applications to test on emulators and simulators.

Defect Tracking Tool :

1. Zoho bug tracker – Flexible workflow for Issue trackers.

2. Bugzilla – Open source tool with features Email notification, reports, and charts, bugs generated in different formats, detect duplicate bug automatically, etc

3. JIRA – Captures and organizes the team issues, prioritizes the issue, and updates the status with the project.

4. HP ALM/ Quality Center – Complete test management tool with integrated bug tracking system.

5. Salesforce – Web-based bug tracking and project management tool which supports tasks planning, create stories to track tasks, reports, and statistics.


This blog helps us to know about the importance of software testing, various testing types & methods, and a list of testing tools available in open source and in the market. Choosing the right outsourcing partner is critical to the success of outsourcing software testing services. GreatInnovus is a provider of experienced professional software testing professionals.

The Five Best WhatsApp Alternatives

March 22, 2021 | Technology | No Comments

WhatsApp is the world’s favorite messaging app, with more than 530 Millions users in 180 countries. WhatsApp recently updated its privacy policy to clarify how it handles your data within  Facebook’s family of apps and products. 

The policy makes it clear that the company collects a ton of telemetry data from your device. Your personal information that could easily be sold to advertisers. After backlash, WhatsApp clarifies its new privacy policy, We want to address some rumors and be 100% clear we continue to protect your private messages with end-to-end encryption

Since seeing this policy, many users and corporate leaders prefer the alternative of WhatsApp. Today, we’ll be showing you the best alternatives to WhatsApp that actually respect your privacy.


When it comes to the best WhatsApp alternative, Telegram Messenger is at its best. It is fast, safe, and can be synchronized between all devices. With 400M+ MAU, Telegram can provide unlimited multimedia sharing, and there are no restrictions on size and type. It supports the sharing of very large videos and files, for example, any movie of 1.5 GB is not a problem for Telegram. It allows you to create groups with up to 200K members.

* Open source
* Self-destruct timers
* Global message deletion

* Lack of Stories and Status
* Stores metadata

Android, iOS, Windows Phone, Windows desktop, Linux (both 32 and 64-bit), macOS, and also offers a web version

DownloadiPhone | Android


Signal is free, has strong encryption features, and can be used on all mobile platforms. Like most other messaging applications, Signal is really easy to use. It also provides voice and video calls, so you won’t miss WhatsApp. Signal includes a desktop installation file, so you can use the application on your computer as well as your mobile phone.

* End-to-end encryption 
* Open Source 
* Self-destroying messages

No animated emojis
* No backup function

Platform: Android, iPhone, Windows desktop

DownloadiPhone | Android


Threema promises complete confidentiality(privacy). Your contact list and group information is only stored in the phone, not in the app. The message is deleted once it is sent. In addition, you can use the 8-digit Threema ID (instead of a phone number) to establish contact with others to further protect your privacy. You can verify contacts with a unique QR code.

Practical voting feature
No advertisements
Better encrypted than WhatsApp

Single device only
* No cloud sync

Platform: Android, iOS, Windows , Linux , Mac,

DownloadiPhone | Android


Protected by European data retention laws, Wire is a secure messaging application with end-to-end encryption. It provides free personal accounts and paid business plans, and provides other support and features. Wire boasts has clear voice and video communications.Skype co-founder Janus Friis created it.

* Secure chats 
* Rich conversations 
Ability to use 8 devices simultaneously

Paid app

Platform: Android, iOS, Windows, Web

DownloadiPhone | Android


Discord is a server-based messaging app, but it also has a private message feature that’s very similar to WhatsApp.Discord was originally a game chat platform, but it has now evolved into more things.

You can use Discord for private messaging, group chats, group calls, media sharing, etc.

Open Source

Less emojis & Themes

Platform: Android, iOS, Windows , Linux , MacOS, Web, Linux

DownloadiPhone | Android

Final Words

If you are worried about your online privacy, you should consider replacing WhatsApp. Although you cannot find a competitive product with exactly the same characteristics as WhatsApp, there are still some competitors that can meet your needs. We have introduced the top five WhatsApp alternatives here, and have included links to our in-depth reviews of each alternative.